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Cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus L.)
Also known as: bake-apple, salmonberry
General: This low, creeping perennial dies back each winter.
Leaves & Twigs: Cloudberry stalks vary in height from 5–25 cm; and the erect, simple stems are hairless and do not branch. The broad, somewhat leathery leaves are long-stalked, round to kidney-shaped and indented (forming three-to-five shallow lobes).
Flowers & Fruit: Solitary flowers (1–3 cm across) have five white petals at the tip of the stem. Cloudberry plants are male or female, but only the female plant bears fruit — hard red berries that turn yellowish or amber-coloured when ripe in late July.
Habitat: This plant prefers moist tundra, bog habitats and heaths. Usually found with sphagnum mosses or lichens, it is widespread across the low arctic and boreal forest regions.
Sampling: Select a typical patch of plants, if the plants are very abundant, mark off a 1-metre-square section to observe.