|Parks and Protected Areas
Development pressures are a leading cause of habitat destruction and biodiversity loss within and around National Wildlife Areas and Migratory Bird Sanctuaries. Urban sprawl is encroaching on many of these sites in British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec and the Maritime provinces. The northward expansion of forestry and oil and gas development is destroying and fragmenting northern ecosystems.
In addition, exotic (non-native) species are frequently introduced by new operations and housing tracts, competing with and displacing native wildlife, and increased public access in particular poachers and people driving off-highway vehicles into fields and woods significantly disturb wildlife.
Three cases of development pressure:
dams and the Richardson Lake Migratory Bird Sanctuary
farm operations impact New Brunswicks Portobello
Creek National Wildlife Area
and gas development in Kendall Island Migratory Bird
Recently, the Cheviot Mine has become a major concern to Nature Canada:
Proposed open-pit coal mine development next to Jasper National Park threatens grizzlies
Environmental groups assert that the project has changed significantly since it was first proposed in 1996 and that a new environmental assessment is required.